(mesenteric lipodystrophy, mesenteric panniculitis, retractile mesenteritis)
Sclerosing mesenteritis is a disease characterised by degeneration (necrosis), inflammation and scarring (fibrosis) of fatty (adipose) tissue of the mesentery and also goes under the following synonyms, mesenteric lipodystrophy, mesenteric panniculitis, retractile mesenteritis. The mesentery is a fold of tissue of the peritoneum that supports and attaches the intestines to the wall of the abdomen. The peritoneum is the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity and covers the abdominal organs. It is the small bowel mesentery that is usually affected by sclerosing mesenteritis.
Symptoms of sclerosing mesenteritis
Symptoms can vary greatly from one person to another and some people do not develop any symptoms at all (asymptomatic). The exact cause of sclerosing mesenteritis is, as yet, unknown and, currently, the conventional treatment is to prescribe steroids and the person's diet is not examined at all. Although the steroids will dampen down the immune system and stop it attacking cells in the body, the result of taking steroids can cause other health issues such stomach
retention (oedema), weight gain, high blood pressure,
high blood sugar,
and impaired absorption of
vitamin D, calcium,
magnesium which affects levels of
vitamin B2, vitamin C and zinc. Steroids can also cause recurring attacks of herpes and other infections due to the lowering of the immune systems capabilities.
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Avoid ingesting the following which add to the acidity and sluggishness of the stomach:
alcohol, coffee and other caffeine beverages,
and meat and dairy products.
Sclerosing mesenteritis has been linked to a lack of blood flow (ischemia) to the mesentery region, the use of certain drugs, infection and trauma to the affected region and diverticulitis. It is also thought, by some, to be an autoimmune disease and this may be due to intolerances to certain components in food. When the stomach cannot tolerate components such as gluten, lactose, leptins or thiols etc., it can cause irritation which can lead to a 'leaky gut'. When this occurs, undigested protein molecules can escape into the bloodstream. The immune system then attacks these foreign invaders but, because they can be similar to actual proteins in the body, it will also attack the body's own proteins. This can occur anywhere in the body and may, in some cases, be the tissues of the small bowel mesentery. The result is inflammation and, if left untreated, may well lead to the fibrosis that occurs with this disease.
It may well help the person with this disease to try eliminating foods that contain these common allergens (see Food Allergies) but the damage that has already been done needs treatment also.
Correcting the intestinal flora balance
There are more than 36 different
species of bacteria that reside in the colon. More than 20 species of
bacteria grow in the stool of meat-eaters and all of them produce highly
toxic waste products. One is salmonella, which is often found in the meat
and eggs of poultry, and can produce a seriously debilitating illness which
is usually called "food poisoning". Another is E. Coli which is actually
beneficial in normal small amounts, but unhealthy when allowed to
overpopulate in the colon.
The colon is a place where water is removed from
whatever is left from digesting the food, and the rest is moved along
towards the anus for expulsion. More minerals are absorbed into the
bloodstream in the colon too such as
The health of colon cells, which turn over rapidly, is largely dependent upon the bacteria in the colon which in turn is dependent upon the food ingested for these bacteria. A sedentary lifestyle, a poor diet of excess sugar and refined foods, intolerance to certain components in foods, medications and even antibacterial mouthwashes and unnatural toothpastes, can all upset the balance of the intestinal flora and lead to inflammation and intestinal overgrowths of yeast and pathogenic bacteria which then crowds out the beneficial bacteria that reside in the guts.
When the intestinal flora is imbalanced it can cause a number of health issues due to the malabsorption and manufacture of various vital nutrients and then this, like a domino effect, will lead to more health issues.
Processes that intestinal bacteria are
vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin).
The beneficial bacteria in the colon can produce at least half of the
estimated requirement of 100 mg per day of vitamin K. Vitamin B12 is
manufactured in the colon by bacteria but because it is below the ileum
where B12 is absorbed into the blood stream this B12 is only used by the
bacteria themselves or excreted.
Crowding out the pathogenic bacteria that cause disease,
such as Salmonella infections.
Lowering the levels of toxins and toxicity from nitrites added to
Producing enzymes which enable
digestion of various types of food.
Manufacturing natural antibiotics
which help control or destroy the harmful bacteria
Manufacture short-chain fatty acids,
most are absorbed into the bloodstream, but some are used to feed the
cells of the colon.
Protecting the intestinal mucosa tissues
from harmful fungus or yeast infestation - mainly by crowding out the
yeast and fungus organisms and preventing them from adhering to the
tissue where they could grow and spread.
Prebiotic and probiotic foods are essential to keeping the intestinal flora in check.
Prebiotic foods, containing carbohydrates such as inulin, encourages a healthy intestinal environment to benefit probiotic intestinal flora. Prebiotic is a fairly recently coined name to refer to food components that support the growth of certain kinds of bacteria in the colon (large intestine).
Oligosaccharides, resistant starch and fermentable fibre feeds these bacteria who have an important influence on the rest of the body.
The human digestive system has a hard time
breaking down many of these carbohydrates. Almost 90% escapes digestion in
the small intestine and reaches the colon where it performs a different
function: that of a prebiotic. The bacteria that feed on fermentable
carbohydrate produce many beneficial substances, including short-chain fatty
vitamin K2 and certain
B vitamins. They also promote
further absorption of some
minerals that have escaped the small intestine,
magnesium and vitamin K2 is vital for the use of vitamin D in the body.
Prebiotic foods that feed the existing beneficial bacteria
Probiotic foods contain beneficial bacteria and come from the fermentation process that the food has been allowed to undergo. During and after any treatment with antibiotics, it is
advisable to include more probiotic foods in the daily diet to replenish the
friendly bacteria that are wiped out by antibiotics.
It is advisable to consume probiotics at least an hour before other
foods to enable enough beneficial bacteria to survive and pass through the
strong stomach acids.
Probiotic foods that contain beneficial bacteria
NOTE: Although yoghurt also contains these bacteria, dairy products are not recommended for those with sclerosing mesenteritis.
The importance of soluble and insoluble fibre
The western diet is often lacking in enough fibre to keep the digestive and excretory system healthy. Refined and processed foods are often stripped of their fibre content which often resides in the skins and outer husks which are removed. Too much protein can putrefy in the intestines without ample fibre ingestion and lead to inflammation and many people consume vast amounts of protein from meat and dairy produce and very little vegetables and fruit.
Soluble fibres attract water and form a gel, which slows down digestion by delaying the emptying of the stomach and creating a full feeling. Gums and pectin (found in the skins of fruits and vengetables) are the best type of fibre for
the fermentation processes in the colon.
Natural sources of soluble fibre
Insoluble fibre has a laxative effect and adds bulk to the diet,
helping prevent constipation. These fibres do not dissolve in water, so they
pass through the gastrointestinal tract relatively intact and speed up the
passage of food and waste through the intestines. Insoluble fibre is not available for much
fermentation, but it is still important in the colon. Not only does it provide bulk in the stool, its tendency to speed transition along means that the fermentation will take place all along the length of the colon, including the near the end. Without insoluble fibre, most of the fermentation would take place in the top part of the colon, so only the colon cells there would get any benefit.
Natural sources of insoluble fibre
Women should consume at least 25g of fibre
per day, while men should consume 30 to 38 g per day. Eat more vegetables and whole fruits instead of
juice and add whole grains, pulses and legumes to meals,
for baking and for breakfast.
Highest natural sources of fibre
3oz (85g) of cooked split peas 16 g
3oz (85g) of cooked lentils 15 g
3oz (85g) of black beans 15 g
3oz (85g) of millet contains 15 g
3oz (85g) of lima beans contains 13.2 g
1 medium (globe) artichoke 10.1 g
4oz (113g) of green peas 9 g
4oz (113g) of raspberries 8 g
3oz (85g) of cooked pearl barley 6 g
4oz (113g) of broccoli 5 g
1 medium sized pear with skin 5.5 g
1oz (4.5g) of bran flakes 5.3 g
1 medium sized apple with skin 4.4 g
1 oz psyllium husks contains 4.3 g
3oz (85g) cooked oatmeal 4 g
3oz (85g) of cooked brown rice 3.5 g (vs. 1 g in
1 medium banana 3.1 g
1 orange 3 g
Natural foods that can help to rectify bowel issues
Aloe vera and
slippery elm contain components that can help the lining of the intestines repair itself. Aloe vera should be taken in low doses and gradually build-up as it can have a laxative effect.
fruit powder is an excellent source of soluble fibre and can be taken daily with a large glass of water.
Coconut in all forms (flesh, cold-pressed oil and water) has many health benefits. The water can replace lost electrolytes due to dehydration and the flesh is rich in fibre and inulin. Cooking with cold-pressed coconut oil provides many health benefits and it has a high heat threshold.
Gentian root contains triterpens and xanthones which presents an anti-inflammatory action direct on the mucous of the stomach
Marshmallow is a useful
herb for the treatment of
indigestion; along with chronic diseases that cause these symptoms such
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Its
anti-inflammatory properties are also useful for treating enteritis, hiatus hernias,
peptic ulcers, mouth ulcers and
Pineapple (fresh only) is an excellent fruit to consume as it can help to rehydrate the body and contains enzymes that help with digestion. Consume some after each meal.
Psyllium husks are a powerful aid to the digestive and excretory systems. Take one teaspoon per day with a large tumbler of water. They must be taken with a large amount of water as they soak up fluids and help with the passage of the stool. If insufficient water is drunk at the same time they can cause an obstruction.
juicing regimen: Carrot and apple juice in the mornings, carrot and celery in the evenings and a combination of carrot, beetroot and cucumber through out the day.
Nutrients required when sclerosing mesenteritis is present
Because some nutrients, such as the B complex of vitamins and minerals, may not be absorbed well in a person with sclerosing mesenteritis it is important that extra foods that provide them are included in the diet. Important minerals are often lost during fever, diarrhoea and night sweats. Today's intense farming techniques also strip the soils of important minerals. The best sources are those that are organic and come from the sea like algae and seaweed.
Glutamine and glutamic acid
is an amino acid that helps to rejuvenate the gut wall lining.
The body requires both glutamine and glutamic acid to function correctly and therefore, consuming unprocessed foods rich in these amino acids, can be beneficial.
Natural sources of glutamine
Beetroot, cabbage, chlorella, kombu, legumes, oily fish, parsley, propolis, seaweed and spinach.
Natural sources of glutamic acid
Apples, apricots, brewer's yeast, kombu, legumes, oily fish, seaweed, spirulina and torula yeast.
Glycine can help to increase production of the protective mucous in the
intestines as well as cleanse the system.
Natural sources of glycine
Omega-3 fatty acids
The western diet is often far to high in the omega-6 fatty acids which are inflammatory and too low in omega-3 fatty acids which are anti-inflammatory. Foods contain both these fatty acids but only hemp seeds contain the correct ratio of omega-6 which is 4:1 of omega-3. A way to rectify this is to consume foods that are high in omega-3 fatty acids which will also hlp th gut to repair itself.
Highest sources of omega-3 fatty acids in milligrams per 100 grams
Krill oil 36000 mg
Flaxseed oil 22813 mg
Chia seeds 17552 mg
Walnuts 9079 mg
Caviar (fish eggs) 6789 mg
Cloves (ground) 4279 mg
Oregano (dried) 4180 mg
Marjoram (dried) 3230 mg
Tarragon (dried) 2955 mg
Mackerel 2670 mg
Herring 2365 mg
Salmon (wild) 2018 mg
Basil (dried) 1509 mg
Sardines 1480 mg
Anchovies 1478 mg
Soya beans 1433 mg
Trout 1068 mg
Pecans, sea bass 986 mg
Pine nuts 787 mg
Bell peppers (green) 770 mg
Oysters 740 mg
Radish seeds sprouted 722 mg
Purslane 400 mg
Basil (fresh leaves) 316 mg
Kidney beans 194 mg
Wakame seaweed 188 mg
Alfalfa sprouts 175 mg
Brussel sprouts 173 mg
Rocket 170 mg
Cauliflower 167 mg
Spinach 138 mg
Broccoli 129 mg
Raspberries 126 mg
Lettuce 113 mg
Blueberries 94 mg
Summer squash 82 mg
Strawberries 65 mg
Eggs 74 mg
Chinese cabbage (pak choy) 55 mg
Important nutrients that can help the gut repair itself are vitamins A, C and E.
Two forms of vitamin A are available in the human diet: preformed vitamin A (retinol and its esterified form, retinyl ester) which can be gaind from fish and shellfish and provitamin A carotenoids. By far the most important pro-vitamin A carotenoid is beta-carotene; other pro-vitamin A carotenoids are alpha-carotene and beta-cryptoxanthin. The body converts these plant pigments into vitamin A.
Highest sources of pro-formed vitamin A per 100 grams
NOTE: One IU is the biological equivalent of 0.3 μg or 0.3 micrograms.
Highest sources of vitamin C in milligrams per 100 grams
Acerola cherries 1677.6 mg
Camu camu berries 532 mg
Rosehips 426 mg
Green chillies 242.5 mg
Guavas 228.3 mg
Yellow bell peppers 183.5 mg
Black currants 181 mg
Thyme 160.01 mg
Red chillies 143.7 mg
Drumstick pods 141 mg
Kale 120 mg
Jalapeno peppers 118.6 mg
Kiwi fruit 105.4 mg
Sun dried tomatoes 102 mg
Broccoli 89 mg
Brussel sprouts 85 mg
Cloves, saffron 81 mg
Mustard greens 70 mg
Highest sources of vitamin E in milligrams per 100 grams
Wheat germ 149.4 mg
Hemp seeds 55 mg
Hazelnut oil 47 mg
Almond oil 39 mg
Sunflower seeds 38.3 mg
Rice bran oil 32 mg
Grape seed oil 29 mg
Almonds 26.2 mg
Oregano 18.3 mg
Hazelnuts 17 mg
Flaxseed oil 17 mg
Peanut oil 16 mg
Hazelnuts 15.3 mg
Corn oil 15 mg
Olive oil 14 mg
Soya bean oil 12 mg
Pine nuts 9.3 mg
Cloves (ground) 9 mg
Peanuts 8 mg
Celery flakes (dried) 6 mg
Spirulina 5 mg
Dried apricots 4.3 mg
Bell peppers (red), eel, olives and salmon 4 mg
Jalapeno peppers 3.6 mg
Anchovies 3.3 mg
Broccoli, chicken, chilli peppers (sun-dried), cod, crayfish, dandelion greens, egg yolk, pecan nuts, spinach, tomatoes (tinned or pureed) turkey and turnip greens 3 mg
Avocado, bilberries, blue berries, butter, chicory greens, cinnamon (ground), crab, halibut, herring (pickled), mackerel, marjoram, mustard greens, pistachio nuts, poppy seeds, sardines, sesame seeds, Swiss chard, trout, tuna, turnips and walnuts 2 mg
Fish roe 1.9 mg
Asparagus, kiwi fruit and parsnips 1.5 mg
Black berries 1.2 mg
Chlorella 1.1 mg
Zinc can also help the gut to repair itself and is often excessively expelled through drinking alcohol or sweating.
Highest sources of zinc in milligrams per 100 grams
Oysters 78.6 mg
Chlorella 71 mg
Wheat germ 16.7 mg
Pumpkin and squash seeds 10.3 mg
Sesame and watermelon seeds 10.2 mg
Bamboo shoots, endives and gourds 9 mg
Chervil (herb) 8.8 mg
Alfalfa seeds (sprouted), amaranth leaves, Crimini mushrooms, Irish moss and tea 8 mg
Crab 7.6 mg
Lobster 7.3 mg
Agave, basil, broccoli, buffalo, elk, emu, oats, ostrich, spinach and turkey 7 mg
Cocoa powder 6.8 mg
Cashew nuts 5.8 mg
Asparagus, laver seaweed, mushrooms, parsley and rice bran 5.7 mg
Cashew nuts 5.6 mg
Jute (herb), lemon grass, mung beans, Portobello mushrooms, radishes and shiitake mushrooms 5 mg
Agar seaweed, butterbur, cauliflower, chicory, Chinese cabbage, chives, coriander, green beans, lentils, lettuce, okra, rocket, spring onions, summer squash, Swiss chard, tomatoes and wasabi (yellow) 3.4 mg
Peanuts 3.3 mg
Anchovies 2.4 mg
Cabbage, cucumber, jalapeno peppers, , kidney beans, navy beans, spirulina and turnip greens 2 mg
Mussels 1.6 mg
Arrowroot, artichokes (globe), beetroot, bell peppers, black eyed peas, borage, broad beans, Brussel sprouts, butter beans, cabbage, carrots, celery, courgettes, dandelion greens, garlic, horseradish, kale, kelp, mustard greens, peas, pinto beans, potatoes, pumpkin, turnips, Swede, sweet potato, tomatoes (red), wakame (seaweed), watercress and winged beans 1.2 mg
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