Lyme borreliosis disease is a bacterial infection that is spread to
humans by infected ticks. Ticks are tiny arachnids found in grassy woodland
areas that feed on the blood of mammals such as deer, mice, dogs and
humans. See tick size on image.
It is caused by the intracellular spirochete bacterium called Borrelia
burgdorferi. Intracellular means that the spirochete gets into
the cell and therefore is not always available to the
The cell membrane inadvertently protects the bacteria and
shields it from the antibiotics. The bacteria can also hide
dormant in the nervous system, among other places, where
antibiotic drugs can not reach them.
Lyme disease was named after a cluster of cases that occurred in
Old Lyme, Connecticut in the United States, in 1974 where
physicians were treating an unusually large number of cases of
what was first thought to be Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis.
disease may have various symptoms, the most common being a rash
called erythema migrans. Today we know that we are looking at
more than just a simple bacterial disease.
Many Lyme symptoms mimic other diseases, such as MS,
Alzheimer's, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Fibromyalgia, ALS (Lou
Gerig’s Disease) and other autoimmune disorders as well as
Parkinson’s and many other ailments, making it difficult to
determine whether a patient has Lyme or another disease.
Because of this mimicry, many Lyme patients go undiagnosed until
they are in a more chronic state and some never get diagnosed at
Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease and, in
general, is one of the fastest growing infectious diseases
today. In the USA around 250,000 new cases are reported per year
and the UK Health Protection Agency (HPA) estimates that there
are 2,000 to 3,000 cases of Lyme disease in England and Wales
each year, and that about 15%-20% of cases occur while people
The problem is that many go unreported due to
misdiagnose. What may not be as well known is that Lyme disease
can be transmitted through other means as well, including breast
milk, semen, tears, saliva and bites from mosquitoes and mites.
Human beings become
infected after being bitten by hard-bodied ticks (Ixodes species)
that are infected with B. burgdorferi. Ticks become infected when
they feed on birds or mammals that carry the bacterium in their
blood. People who spend time in woodland or heath areas are more at
risk of developing Lyme disease because these areas are where
tick-carrying animals, such as deer and mice, live.
Parts of the UK that are known to have a population of ticks that
can carry Lyme disease include:
New Forest in Hampshire
Richmond & Bushy Park
Parts of Wiltshire and Berkshire
Thetford Forest in Norfolk
Most tick bites occur in late spring, early summer and during the
autumn because these are the times of year when most people take
part in outdoor activities such as hiking and camping.
Lyme disease can exhibit the following
Persistent swollen glands, sore throat, fevers, chills, sore soles,
especially in the morning, joint pain and/or swelling in fingers,
toes, ankles, wrists, knees, elbows, hips, shoulders, numbness in
the arms and/or legs, carpel tunnel syndrome, unexplained back pain,
stiffness of the joints and back, muscle pain and cramps, obvious
muscle weakness, twitching of the face or other muscles, confusion,
difficulty thinking, difficulty with concentration, focus and
reading, problem absorbing new information, searching for words and
names, forgetfulness, poor short term memory, poor attention,
disorientation: getting lost, going to wrong places, speech errors,
such as wrong words or misspeaking, mood swings, irritability,
depression, anxiety, panic attacks, psychosis (hallucinations,
delusions), paranoia, bipolar, tremor, seizures, headaches, light
and sound sensitivity, macular oedema, double or blurry vision with
floaters, ear pain, hearing problems, such as buzzing, ringing or
decreased hearing, increased motion sickness, vertigo, spinning, off
balance, “tippy” feeling, light-headedness, wooziness, unavoidable
need to sit or lie, fainting, flu-like feeling, tingling, numbness,
burning or stabbing sensations, shooting pains, skin
hypersensitivity, facial paralysis-Bell’s Palsy, dental pain, TMJ,
neck creaks and cracks, stiffness, neck pain, fatigue, tiredness,
poor stamina, insomnia, fractionated sleep, early awakening,
excessive night time sleep, napping during the day, unexplained
weight gain or loss, unexplained hair loss, pain in genital area,
unexplained menstrual irregularity or milk production, breast pain,
irritable bladder, erectile dysfunction, loss of libido, queasy
stomach, nausea, heartburn, stomach pain, constipation, diarrhoea,
constipation alternating with diarrhoea, low abdominal pain, cramps,
heart murmur or valve prolepses, heart palpitations or skips, “Heart
block” on EKG, chest wall pain or sore ribs, head congestion,
breathlessness, “air hunger,” unexplained chronic cough, night
sweats, exaggerated symptoms or worse hangover from alcohol, skin
rashes, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), herpes, recurring Zoster/Shingles
It is important to get tested for
Lyme Disease when symptoms of
Parkinson's Disease appear as
symptoms can be identical and are often misdiagnosed.
In a spray bottle, mix 2 mugs of distilled white vinegar and 1 mug
of water. To make a scented solution (to eliminate the vinegar
odour) add 20 drops of any essential oil. Eucalyptus oil works as a
tick repellent, while peppermint and citrus oils give off a strong
crisp scent that also repel ticks and mosquitoes. Other tick repelling essential oils to use are:
10 drops rosemary essential oil
7 drops cinnamon essential oil
3 drops cedar wood essential oil
3 drops of rose geranium oil.
2 tablespoons of sweet almond oil
After mixing the solution, spray onto clothing, skin and hair before
going outdoors. Reapply every four hours to keep ticks at bay and
examine your skin and hair when back inside to make sure no ticks
are on the body.
Note: Essential oil is not suitable for pregnant or breastfeeding mothers
Repellent for Pets
For pets, add 1 mug of water to a spray bottle, followed by 2 mugs
of distilled white vinegar. Then add two spoonfuls of vegetable or
almond oil which both contain sulphur (another natural tick
Rose geranium essential oil is a good tick repellent for animals. Place a drop between the animal’s shoulder blades and at the base of the tail before going outside.
To make a repellent that will also deter fleas, mix in a few
spoonfuls of lemon juice, citrus oil or peppermint oil, any of which
will repel ticks and fleas while also creating a nicely scented
repellent. Spray onto the pet's dry coat, staying away from
sensitive areas including eyes, nose, mouth and genitals. When
outdoors spray this solution on two to three times per day.
Use fine-tipped tweezers to firmly
grasp the tick very close to the skin.
Don't squeeze it as squeezing can speed up infection.
With a steady motion pull the tick’s body away from the skin.
Then clean skin with soap and warm water.
Avoid crushing the tick’s body.
Do not be alarmed if the tick’s mouthparts remain in the skin. Once
the mouthparts are removed from the rest of the tick, it can no
longer transmit disease.
If the tick is crushed, clean the skin with soap and warm water or
Don’t use petroleum jelly, a hot match, nail polish or other
products to remove a tick
Probiotic foods can replenish the beneficial bacteria in the
intestines that are wiped out by antibiotic Lyme disease treatment.
brine pickles (made with lactic acid)
are good sources of probiotics. It is advisable to consume
probiotics at least an hour before other foods to enable enough
friendly bacteria to survive and pass through the strong stomach
Try to include many of the foods below in the daily diet to benefit
from their powerful properties. Eating a multitude of fruits and
vegetables per day will set the body on the path to recovery very
quickly. If appetite is low try blending steamed vegetables listed
with the herbs and spices listed and serving as a potage soup.
Similarly blend all the fruits together especially orange,
tangerine, lemon and papaya with nutmeg and honey to provide a tasty
nutritious smoothie which will aid speedy recovery.
Nat H Hawes SNHS Dip (Advanced and Sports nutrition) is a qualified nutritional and sports therapist and author of the new book, Nature Cures, who has been researching natural foods and their health benefits since 2003.
Click here to see what others think of the new book.
"Nature cures not the
Hippocrates 460 BC
DISCLAIMER: The information on this websiteis not intended to diagnose medical problems, prescribe remedies for illness, or treat disease. Its intention is solely educational.If you are in any doubt about your health, please consult your medical or health professional.